Self Management Skills Class 10 Notes PDF – The Best IT 402 Unit 2 Notes that you will get on the internet.
CBSE Class 10 Information Technology unit 2 – Self Management Skills is an easy yet very important unit for your board examination. These notes will help you prepare for your IT 402 exam. These are based on the latest IT 402 Syllabus 2022-23.
These Self Management Skills Class 10 Notes will help you save time and cover the whole NCERT with the help of these interesting and short notes. These are clear, concise and to the point and cover all the important portions of your official IT 402 Textbook.
With this now let’s move into the self-management skills class 10 notes. The Class 10 IT unit 2 Self Management Skills Notes pdf will be given below at the end of this post.
Self Management Skills Class 10 Notes –
Session 1 – Stress Management
In this first session, we will learn about stress, what exactly is stress and how to manage it. We have discussed the three-step formula to manage stress continued by some stress management techniques.
What is Stress?
Stress is nothing but our emotional, mental, physical, and social response to any perceived demands or threats. We call these demands or threats as stressors. Stressors are the reason for our stress. Eg – You are worried about what others will think of you.
What is Stress Management?
Stress Management is about making a plan to be able to handle daily stresses successfully. This is the very first step of managing your stress. Finding a balance between life, work, relationships, relaxation, and enjoyment is the ultimate objective.
ABC of stress management –
A: Adversity or the stressful event
B: Beliefs or the way you respond to the event
C: Consequences or actions and outcomes of the event
Three Steps to manage stress –
- Be aware that you are stressed.
- Identify the cause of your stress.
- Apply stress management techniques.
Stress management techniques
Time management: By managing your time and performing all the tasks on time you reduce the chances of getting stress due to upcoming deadlines of your work.
Physical exercise and fresh air: Being close to nature uplifts your mood and reduces your stress.
Healthy diet: A healthy mind lives in a healthy body, so for a good mental health and welll being its very crucial to have a healthy diet.
Positivity: Stress is generally low in poeple who are positive. Focusing on negative parts of the event usually incleases the stress level of a person.
Sleep: A good sound sleep of 7-8 hours is neccessary for the brain to get recharged and function effectively.
Holidays with family and friends: Spending quality time with your family members, and taking a break from usual hectic life and going out on a vacation improves your mood a lot and reduces the stress levels.
Importance of Stress Management
- Improves mood
- Boosts immune system
- Promotes longevity
- Leads to burst of physical strength, which is vital for reaching goal.
- Complete mental and physical engagement for task accomplishment.
- Increases efficiency and effectiveness.
- Prevents psychological disorders and behavioural problems.
Ability to Work Independently
If you can become a calm and relaxed person, you will have the ability to work independently, which means –
- Becoming self-aware, self-monitoring, and self-correcting.
- Knowing what you need to do.
- Taking initiative for the work rather than being told what to do.
- Accepting your mistakes and not blaming others.
- Having the ability and the will to learn continuously.
Following are the benefits of working independently.
- Ensures greater learning.
- Individuals feel more empowered and responsible.
- It provides flexibility to choose and define working hours and working mechanisms.
- Failure and success of the task assigned are accounted by individuals.
- Individuals become assets to organizations, groups and nations at large.
- It ensures creativity and satisfaction amongst individuals.
Ability to work independently can be enhanced by being self-aware, self-motivated and self-regulated.
Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and manage one’s own emotions, as well as the emotions of others.
Emotional awareness : the ability to identify and name one’s own emotions.
Harnessing emotions : the ability to harness and apply emotions to tasks like thinking and problem solving.
Managing emotions : the ability to regulate one’s own emotions when necessary and help others to do the same.
Some steps to manage emotional intelligence are as given below.
• Understand your emotions: Observe your behaviour and note the things you need to work on. You can then work on the things you need to improve.
• Rationalise: Do not take decisions abruptly; be rational in your thinking.
• Practise: Do meditation and yoga to keep yourself calm.
In the next segment, we discussed Emotional Intelligence. Next up in this segment are the ways in which we can manage our emotions.
Session 2 – Self Awareness – Strength and Weakness Analysis.
This session starts with an understanding of ourselves. We will be finding out our strengths and weaknesses.
Techniques for Identifying your Strengths and Weaknesses
- Think of any work/task that you are always successful at.
- Think about what other people like in you.
- Think about what you do well.
- Think about the areas where you struggle and the things you find difficult to do.
- Analyse the feedback others usually give you.
- Be open to feedback and accept your weaknesses without feeling low about it. Take it as an area of improvement.
Difference between Interests and Abilities
Session 3 – Self Motivation.
Starting this session with the definition of self-motivation – Self-motivation is the ability to do things that need to be done without someone influencing us.
Types of Motivation
Internal Motivation – We do things because they make us happy, healthy and feel good. For example, when you perform on your annual day function and you learn something new, such as dancing, singing, etc., you feel good.
External Motivation – We do things because they give us respect, recognition and appreciation. For example, Suresh participated in a 100m race and won a prize. This motivated him to go for practice every morning.
Qualities of Self-motivated People
There are four steps for building self-motivation
Session 4 – Self Regulation – Goal Setting
In this 4th session of IT code 402 unit 2 – Self-management skills, we will learn about goal setting. And will look into the concept of smart goals. We will learn about how to set goals and the SMART method to set our goals.
Goals are a set of dreams with a deadline to achieve them, for example, Completing your science syllabus in 2 days before examination.
How to Set Goals?
We can use SMART method to set goals. SMART stands for:
• Specific : A specific and clear goal answers six questions. Who is involved in the goal? What do I want to do? Where do I start? When do I start and finish? Which means do I use? Why am I doing this?
Not a specific goal: “I would learn how to dance.”
Specific goal: “I would learn how to dance by joining dance classes after my lunch everyday, and in six months I will participate in the dance competition.”
Measureable : A measureable goal answers the questions “How much?”, “How many?” and “How do I know that I have achieved results?”
Not measurable goal: “I want to be earn a lot of money.”
Measurable goal: “I want to earn 5 lakh rupees by the end of this year.”
Achievable : Breaking down big goals into smaller parts will make the goal achievable.
Realistic : A realistic goal would be something that we want to achieve and can work towards.
• Time bound : A SMART goal should have a timeframe by when the goal needs to be achieved.
Session 5 Self Regulation – Time Management
This is the last session from unit 2 – self-management skills. Here we discuss time management and the ways by which we can be more productive. We will learn about the four steps to manage our time well.
Four Steps for Effective Time Management
Tips for Practicing the Four Steps for Effective Time Management
• Avoid delay or postponing any planned activity
• Organise your room and school desk
• Develop a ‘NO DISTURBANCE ZONE’, where you can sit and complete important tasks
• Use waiting time productively
• Prepare a ‘To-do’ list
• Replace useless activities with productive activities
IT code 402 UNIT 2 – Self Management Skills Notes PDF
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